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Prunus domestica

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Superorder: Rosanae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
The specific epithet: domestica
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
European plum English name
Prunus domestica L. main title
Слива домашняя Russian name
Garden Plum English name
Plum Tree English name
Wild Plum English name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Mesophyte
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from wet to raw
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on soils from srednebelaya to srednebelaya
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine soils (clay, peat), usually waterproof and poorly aerated (particle diameter less than 0.002 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
penumbral plant (at a relative illumination of more than 10%)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
between sub-boreal/nemoral
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean (60-70 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
sea
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
arid/maturity
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
humid (P-E = 400-800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
moderate winters ( mean t of the coldest month -8 to -16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
warm winters to very warm winters
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
by the middle-Prairie
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
damp-forest-meadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
very poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
acidic soils (pH 4,5-5,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
shady forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Tree
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Tier:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Crown diameter, m:
6
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Яйцевидная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Разреженная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Maximum height, m:
8
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

The rate of growth.:
The rapid growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of fruit:
Костянка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Apomorphy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of flower:
Actinomorphic
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Petals:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Pistils:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Prunus domestica L.
2. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
3. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
4. Черепанов, 1995

This plant in the gardens of people:

Living plant:Prunus domestica L.
Prices no:
Defined?Yes