In the basket 0 растений
Search for plants

Polygonum aviculare

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Superorder: Polygonanae
Order: Polygonales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Polygonum
The specific epithet: aviculare
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
Knotgrass English name
Polygonum aviculare 'heterophyllum (Lindm.) Asch. and Graebn.' ssp.
Polygonum aviculare 'monspeliense (Thiebaut ex Pers.) Chrtek' ssp.
Polygonum aviculare L. main title
Polygonum heterophyllum Lindm. synonym
Polygonum monspeliense Thiebaut ex Pers. synonym
prostrate knotweed English name
Горец птичий Russian name
Спорыш, Птичья гречиха, Гусятник, Травка-муравка synonym

Ecology:

Habitat.:
рудеральные, сегетальные облигатные , растения мест отдыха, растения нарушенных местообитаний, растения пастбищ и сенокосных угодий, сорняки пропашных культур, газонные, огородные и садовые
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from medium dry to moist
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on rich soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine soils (clay, peat), usually waterproof and poorly aerated (particle diameter less than 0.002 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
prosvetova plant (often in full light, but sometimes with some shading)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
subarctic/boreal
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean/tropical
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
ocean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
arid (P-E = -800 - 1600 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
argumeny
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
very harsh winters (the average temperature of the coldest month < -32)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
semi-desert
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
marsh
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
sharply saline soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
bezotosnyj soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
excessively nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
very acidic soils (pH = 3,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
alkaline soils (pH >/ 8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
semi-open spaces/light woods
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, from:
weak alternating moisture
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, to:
much peremennogo moisturize/dramatically alternating moisture
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Однолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Сорняк
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Medical application:
Drug
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Paint.:
Раньше растение использовалось как универсальный краситель. Из корней спорыша добывают синюю краску.
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Семенами весной (яровое)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature of germination:
1-2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The optimum temperature for germination:
10-12
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum depth of germination, see:
8-10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fecundity, thous. of seeds per plant:
41004
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Seed viability in the soil for years:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Type of fruit:
Орешек
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Apomorphy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of flower:
Actinomorphic
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://humangarden.ru/myinfo.htm
2. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
3. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
4. Дикорастущие полезные растения, И.А.Губанов, К.В.Киселёва, В.С.Новикова
5. Растения-целители. Лекарственные растения нашей Родины, А.Ф.Гаммерман, М.Д.Шупинская, А.А.Яценко-Хмелевский
6. Черепанов, 1995