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Phragmites australis

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida
Subclass: Liliidae
Superorder: Poanae
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phragmites
The specific epithet: australis
Author: (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
Arundo australis Cav. synonym
common reed English name
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. main title
Phragmites communis Trin. synonym
Reed English name
Тростник обыкновенный Russian name
Тростник южный synonym

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Gigabit
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Среднеплодородная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Весна
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Rhizomatous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
0-38,5 кг азота на гектар в год
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to recover after a fire.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
110
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
8
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
30
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
152
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-38
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Habitat.:
рудеральные, растения пониженных и переувлажн. мест, водные и околоводные
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
in soils saturated with water, avoiding sredneoblastnoj habitats
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on soils from srednebelaya to srednebelaya
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
penumbral plant (at a relative illumination of more than 10%)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
subarctic (10-20 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
tropical (70-80 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
extracanonical
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
extraoridnary/arid
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
hypergeometry (P-E = 1600 mm/year and above)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
very harsh winters (the average temperature of the coldest month < -32)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
unexpressed winters (mean t of the coldest month above +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
dry steppe/by the middle-Prairie
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
pribrezhnoy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
especially in poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
sharply saline soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
very poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
strongly acidic soils (pH=3.5 to 4.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
alkaline soils (pH >/ 8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
light woods
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, from:
weak alternating moisture
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, to:
sharply alternating moisture
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Прямостоячая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Плотная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Maximum height, m:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Белый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The root system:
Корневище
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Moderately dense
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Rough
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Белый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
Более 250 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
50
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Nutritional value.:
Nonpoisonous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for grazing animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The high protein content.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
The rapid growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Planting density, max, m2.:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Зелёными черенками;
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
Содержать посевы при 22°C (72°F) в илистом грунте
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Осень
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
High
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature of germination:
8-10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The optimum temperature for germination:
20-24
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum depth of germination, see:
1-2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fecundity, thous. of seeds per plant:
50
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Seed viability in the soil for years:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Type of fruit:
Зерновка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Cookery
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)