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Picea abies

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It is important to determine. Drag a photo here that shows the traits that are important for the determination of this plant
It is important to determine. Drag a photo here that shows the traits that are important for the determination of this plant
Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
Expects input
Department: Gymnospermae
Class Pinopsida
Subclass: Pinidae
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
The specific epithet: abies
Author: (L.) Karst.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
Norway spruce English name
Picea abies 'acuminata (Beck) Parfenov' ssp.
Picea abies 'europaea (Tepl.) Hyl.' ssp.
Picea abies (L.) Karst. main title
Picea excelsa 'acuminata Beck' var.
Picea excelsa (Lam.) Link synonym
Picea montana Schur synonym
Picea vulgaris 'europaea Tepl.' var.
Pinus abies L. synonym
Pinus excelsa Lam. synonym
Ель европейская Russian name
Ель обыкновенная synonym

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Shadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Wintering requirements.:
Зимостойкое
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Mesophyte
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Бедная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, requirements.:
Кислая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The structure of the soil.:
Дренированная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Весна и Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Stalk
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to calcareous soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to recover after a fire.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
100
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
60
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
152
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-38
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Gotostatement.:
Unstable
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from medium dry to moist
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on soils from srednebelaya to srednebelaya
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils rich in humus, but the plant roots reach the mineral soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
completely shadow the plant (in terms of less than 3% of full light)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
boreal (20-30 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
nemoral/Submediterranean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
sea
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
mainland/sub-continental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
semi-arid (P-E = 0-400 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
sub-humid/humid
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
pretty harsh winters/moderate winters
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
mild winters/warm winters
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
Meadow-steppe/wholesalelouis
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
wetland-forest-grassland/marsh
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
especially in poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
fairly rich soil/rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
bezotosnyj soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
very acidic soils (pH = 3,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces semi-open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
a particularly shady forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Tree
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Tier:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Crown diameter, m:
5-10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Конусовидная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Плотная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Maximum height, m:
30
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The tall 20 years after planting, m:
10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Невзрачный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Beginning of flowering:
Май
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The root system:
Поверхностная, сильно разветвлённая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Тёмно-зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Dense
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Average
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Бурый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
100-250 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
71
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Середина весны
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Хвойное
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Purpose of plants proposed for use in the urban environment.:
Группы, Массивы, Аллеи, Одиночно, Живые изгороди, Парки, Лесопарки
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nutritional value.:
Edible
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

Review:
Требует высокой влажности почвы и воздуха; Мирится с проточным переувлажнением
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Role in the formation of woody vegetation.:
хвойно-мелколиственных лесов
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to resume.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
The rapid growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The level of difficulty.:
Simple
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Высевание в марте - апреле в открытые грядки. Предварительно семена стратифицируют холодом в течение 4 - 6 недель. Размножение карликовых сортов в основном черенкованием с августа по октябрь или с февраля по апрель при температуре почвы от 12 до 15° С. На черенки берут побеги текущего года с небольшим кусочком двулетней древесины. Быстрорастущие сорта размножают боковыми прививками, преимущественно в августе, в основном на горшечных сеянцах
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of pollination:
The wind
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The time of fruit ripening:
Январь
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Октябрь
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Осень
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
Average
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The mass of 1000 seeds, g:
7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of inflorescence:
Шишка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of fruit:
-
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

This plant in the gardens of people: