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Prunella vulgaris

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Lamiidae
Superorder: Lamianae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Prunella
The specific epithet: vulgaris
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
common selfheal English name
Prunella vulgaris L. main title
Self-heal English name
Устихудус Uzbek name
Черноголовка обыкновенная Russian name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Partial shade
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Mesophyte
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Среднеплодородная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Весна и Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Selenobrachys
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
115
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
8
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
40
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
139
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-38
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Habitat.:
растения мест отдыха, растения пастбищ и сенокосных угодий, газонные, огородные и садовые
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from medium dry to moist
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on soils from srednebelaya to srednebelaya
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
prosvetova plant (often in full light, but sometimes with some shading)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Continentality of climate, from:
ocean/marine
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
arid (P-E = -800 - 1600 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
humid (P-E = 400-800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
very harsh winters (the average temperature of the coldest month < -32)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
by the middle-Prairie
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
marsh
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
especially in poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
slightly saline soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
bezotosnyj soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
strongly acidic soils (pH=3.5 to 4.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
light woods/shaded forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Стелющаяся
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Средней плотности
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Фиолетовый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Beginning of flowering:
Июль
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The root system:
Корневище
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Серо-зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Sparse
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Rough
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
100-250 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
25
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Середина лета
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Сорняк
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nutritional value.:
Nonpoisonous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

The ability to resume.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
The rapid growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Семенами;
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
Содержать посевы при 20°C (68°F), если нет прорастания через 3-4 недель, затем содержать при -4 - +4°C (24-39°F) 2-4 недели
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Осень
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
Low
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of fruit:
Орешек
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Apomorphy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of flower:
Zygomorphic
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Pistils:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stipules:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of pubescence:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stem in context:
Четырёхгранный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://ecologylib.ru/books/item/f00/s00/z0000011/st007.shtml
2. http://humangarden.ru/myinfo.htm
3. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
4. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page02.html
5. http://vertograd-s.com/floweringmap/june/
6. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
7. Черепанов, 1995