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Empetrum nigrum

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Superorder: Ericanae
Order: Ericales
Family: Empetraceae
Genus: Empetrum
The specific epithet: nigrum
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
black crowberry English name
Empetrum nigrum L. main title
Водяника чёрная synonym
Вороника чёрная synonym
Шикша чёрная Russian name
Crowberry English name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Mesophyte
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Среднеплодородная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Лето и Осень
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Selenobrachys
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to recover after a fire.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
90
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to suck moisture from the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
40
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
139
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-41
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from medium dry to moist
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in acidic soils (pH 3.5 to 5.6)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils rich in humus, but the plant roots reach the mineral soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
penumbral plant (at a relative illumination of more than 10%)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
Arctic (0-10 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
between sub-boreal/nemoral
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
ocean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
mainland
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
sub-humid (P-E = 0-400 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
humid (P-E = 400-800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
harsh winters (mean t of the coldest month from -24 to -32)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from 0 to +8)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
Meadow-steppe/wholesalelouis
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
marsh
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
especially in poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
a fairly rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
bezotosnyj soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
very acidic soils (pH = 3,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
light woods/shaded forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, from:
sustainable hydration
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Variability of moisture, to:
relatively stable moisture
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Shrub
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Распростёртая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Плотная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Фиолетовый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Moderately dense
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Rough
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Чёрный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
100-250 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
40
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Середина лета
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Nutritional value.:
Nonpoisonous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Paint.:
Соком ягод можно окрашивать шерсть и кожу в вишневый цвет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
Slow growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Черенками;
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
Содержать посевы при 18-22°C (64-71°F) 2-4 недели, затем содержать при -4 - +4°C (24-39°F) 4-6 недель, затем содержать при 5-12°C (41-53°F) для прорастания
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
Low
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Да
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Cookery
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Empetrum nigrum L.
2. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page02.html
3. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
4. Дикорастущие полезные растения, И.А.Губанов, К.В.Киселёва, В.С.Новикова
5. Черепанов, 1995