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Onopordum acanthium

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Superorder: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Compositae
Genus: Onopordum
The specific epithet: acanthium
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
A kind of thistle English name
Acanos spina Scop. synonym
Onopordum acanthium L. main title
Scotch cottonthistle English name
Татарник колючий Russian name
Cotton Thistle English name
Scotch Cotton-thistle English name
Scotch Thistle English name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Habitat.:
рудеральные, сегетальные факультативные , растения мест отдыха, растения нарушенных местообитаний, растения пастбищ и сенокосных угодий, сорняки пропашных культур, газонные, огородные и садовые
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on dry soils, avoiding very dry and very wet soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
on alkaline soils (pH 3.5 to 5.6)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
the rich (especially with nitrogen) soils never occur on the poor
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
prosvetova plant (often in full light, but sometimes with some shading)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
boreal (20-30 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean (60-70 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
ocean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
continental/ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
arid (P-E = -800 - 1600 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
humid (P-E = 400-800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
pretty harsh winters(mean t of the coldest month -16 to -24)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
semi-desert
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
wholesalebuy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soils/poor soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
provided enough nitrogen in the soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
excessively nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
acidic soils (pH 4,5-5,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
semi-open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Двулетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Фиолетовый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Сорняк
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

Review:
solitaire plant, well drained soil; to 7 ft. tall, prickly, attractive silver grey leaves and stems
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

The distance between plants in cm.:
76,2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

The type of planting seeds:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
6 месяцев при 4°С, затем 22°С
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The number of weeks before the last frost (planting date as a number of weeks before or after last frost):
25
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of sowing seeds:
Sprinkle a thin layer of
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature of germination:
5-7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The optimum temperature for germination:
20-22
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum depth of germination, see:
4-5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fecundity, thous. of seeds per plant:
10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

The type of inflorescence:
Корзинка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of fruit:
Семянка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Cookery
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stamens:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Нижняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Pistils:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sheet:
Простой
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stipules:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://humangarden.ru/myinfo.htm
2. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Onopordum acanthium L.
3. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
4. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page48.html
5. http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/25508.html
6. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
7. Черепанов, 1995