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Saponaria officinalis

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Superorder: Caryophyllanae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Saponaria
The specific epithet: officinalis
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
bouncingbet English name
Saponaria officinalis L. main title
Мыльнянка лекарственная Russian name
Bouncing Bet English name
Latherwort English name
Soapwort English name

Ecology:

Indicator:
Нейтральная или слабокислая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Relationship to the world.:
Partial shade
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Xerophytic
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Среднеплодородная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Весна и Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Rhizomatous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to recover after a fire.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
130
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
81
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
114
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-27
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on dry soils, avoiding very dry and very wet soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
on alkaline soils (pH 3.5 to 5.6)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on rich soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on sandy, well-aerated soils (particle diameter of 0.05-2 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
penumbral plant (at a relative illumination of more than 10%)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
boreal/Subboreal
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean (60-70 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
submaterials
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
continental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
maturity (R-E -400 - 800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
sub-humid (P-E = 0-400 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
moderate winters ( mean t of the coldest month -8 to -16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
wholesalebuy
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
damp-forest-meadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
very poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
acidic soils (pH 4,5-5,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
light woods
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Прямостоячая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Плотная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Многолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Белый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Beginning of flowering:
Июль
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Sparse
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Average
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Бурый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
100-250 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
25
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Поздняя весна
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Medical application:
Drug
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nutritional value.:
Poisonous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Poisonous bodies.:
Все растение; наиболее — подземная часть (товарное лекарственное сырье «красный мыльный корень»).
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Chemical composition and mechanism of toxic action.:
Содержит флавоновый гликозид сапонарин, тритерпеновые сапонины (класс соединений назван по этому растению — Saponaria), в том числе гипсогенин и др. Сапонины обладают местно-раздражающим действием с высокой гемолитической активностью.
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The picture of poisoning.:
При попадании внутрь ощущается характерный сладковатый привкус, сменяющийся чувством сильного жжения во рту и глотке. Развиваются тошнота, рвота, боли в животе. У животных отмечено возбуждение ЦНС, судороги, смерть от остановки дыхания.
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
First aid.:
Промывания желудка (активированный уголь в 2 %-ном растворе натрия гидрокарбоната), обволакивающие средства (крахмальная связь).
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for grazing animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
Moderate growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Planting density, max, m2.:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Зелёными черенками;
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The time of fruit ripening:
Сентябрь
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
Содержать посевы при 18-22°C (64-71°F) 2-4 недели, затем содержать при -4 - +4°C (24-39°F) 4-6 недель, затем содержать при 5-12°C (41-53°F) для прорастания
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
Low
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The mass of 1000 seeds, g:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Type of fruit:
Коробочка
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of fruit according to the method of development of the fruitlets:
Cookery
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of flower:
Actinomorphic
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Petals:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Botanical description:
Высокий тонкоопушенный многолетник (30—90 см) с толстыми узловатыми красно-бурыми корневищами; листья — крупные, супротивные, с тремя продольными выдающимися жилками; цветки крупные, беловато-розовые или белые с выемчатыми лепестками; плод — продолговато-яйцевидная коробочка. Цветет: июнь — август; семена созревают: сентябрь.
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Phyllotaxy:
Супротивное
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://flora-toxin.ru/
2. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Saponaria officinalis L.
3. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
4. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page02.html
5. Ботаника. Учебник. Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
6. Растения индикаторы, Меженский В.Н.
7. Черепанов, 1995