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Hesperis matronalis

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Superorder: Violanae
Order: Capparales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Hesperis
The specific epithet: matronalis
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
dames rocket English name
Hesperis caucasica Rupr. synonym
Hesperis matronalis L. main title
Вечерница обыкновенная Russian name
Dame's-violet English name
Dammask Violet English name
Garden Rocket English name
Sweet Rocket English name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Moisture requirements.:
Mesophyte
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The soil requirements.:
Среднеплодородная
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
During the growing season.:
Весна и Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to fires.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of plant in the context of consolidation of the soil.:
Bump
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Allelopathy at least one other species.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nitrogen fixation.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adapted to coarse soils:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a medium texture.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Adaptability to soils with a fine texture.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to absence of oxygen in the soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Resistance to calcareous soil.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to recover after a fire.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum number of warm days per year required for the normal development of the plant.:
120
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Minimum).:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
pH (Maximum).:
7
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
81
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum rainfall in cm at home plants.:
152
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salinity resistance.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature recorded in the homeland of the plant, Celsius.:
-30
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on soils from medium dry to moist
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on rich soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
penumbral plant (at a relative illumination of more than 10%)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
boreal/Subboreal
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean (60-70 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
submaterials
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
continental/ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
maturity (R-E -400 - 800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
sub-humid (P-E = 0-400 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
pretty harsh winters(mean t of the coldest month -16 to -24)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
Meadow-steppe/wholesalelouis
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
wet forest-meadow/damp-forest-meadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
very nitrogen poor soils/poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soils/excessively nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
acidic soils (pH 4,5-5,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
semi-open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
shady forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The shape of the crown:
Прямостоячая
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown:
Средней плотности
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Maximum height, m:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Двулетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Фиолетовый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Beginning of flowering:
Июнь
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The duration of flowering weeks.:
8
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The beauty of the autumn coloration of the foliage:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative flower:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Foliage colour:
Зелёный
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The density of the crown in the winter:
Sparse
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The texture of the foliage:
Average
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The color of the fruit:
Бурый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Decorative fruit:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Durability:
Менее 100 лет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of the root system, not less, cm:
30
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flowering period:
Весна
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Nutritional value.:
Nonpoisonous
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Feed value.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The suitability of the fruit (seeds, berries, etc.) for commercial use.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as lumber.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The possibility of obtaining tar.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Palatability for grazing animals.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as Telegraph poles.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The high protein content.:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as pulpwood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Use as veneer or plywood.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Interesting facts:

Review:
grow cool, 55
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The ability to resume.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The bloating belly in animal husbandry.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of shoots from dormant buds after removal of the biomass.:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The rate of growth.:
The rapid growth
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

Attitude to pruning:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The level of difficulty.:
Simple
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The distance between plants in cm.:
38,1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Planting density, min, m2.:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Planting density, max, m2.:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

Methods of reproduction:
Семенами;
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The type of planting seeds:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
>2 недели при 20°С на свету, замедленное прорастание
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The number of weeks before the last frost (planting date as a number of weeks before or after last frost):
-6
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of sowing seeds:
On the surface
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Preva shoots:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fruitage:
Лето
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The end of the fruiting:
Осень
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Long hold on the seeds on the plant after ripening:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Makes whether transplant with open root system:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Vigour:
Average
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The mass of 1000 seeds, g:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stratification.:
Нет
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Petals:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stamens:
6
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Pistils:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sepals:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Phyllotaxy:
Очерёдное
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sheet:
Простой
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Hesperis matronalis L.
2. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
3. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page48.html
4. http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/18656.html
5. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
6. Черепанов, 1995

Forms and varieties