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Descurainia sophia

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Superorder: Violanae
Order: Capparales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Descurainia
The specific epithet: sophia
Author: (L.) Webb ex Prantl
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl main title
herb sophia English name
Дескурения софьи Russian name

Ecology:

Wintering requirements.:
Зимостойкое
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Habitat.:
рудеральные, сегетальные факультативные , растения мест отдыха, сорняки пропашных культур, газонные, огородные и садовые
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on dry soils, avoiding very dry and very wet soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on rich soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with medium humus content
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on fine sand, fairly well-aerated soils (particle size of 0.002-0.05 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
prosvetova plant (often in full light, but sometimes with some shading)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
3
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
subarctic (10-20 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Mediterranean (60-70 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
ocean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
arid (P-E = -800 - 1600 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
humid (P-E = 400-800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
very harsh winters (the average temperature of the coldest month < -32)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
very warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from +8 to +16)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
desert
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
damp-forest-meadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
slightly saline soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
nitrogen-rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
very acidic soils (pH = 3,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
light woods/shaded forests
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Однолетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Сорняк
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Nutritional value.:
Edible
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

The minimum temperature of germination:
2-4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum depth of germination, see:
3-4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fecundity, thous. of seeds per plant:
850
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Seed viability in the soil for years:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Petals:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stamens:
6
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Pistils:
2
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sepals:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Phyllotaxy:
Очерёдное
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sheet:
Простой
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://humangarden.ru/myinfo.htm
2. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
3. http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/13005.html
4. Ботаника. Учебник, Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
5. Черепанов, 1995