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Echium vulgare

Taxonomy
The status of the taxon:
checked
Department: Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Lamiidae
Superorder: Solananae
Order: Boraginales
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Echium
The specific epithet: vulgare
Author: L.
Names, synonyms, alternative name of this plant in different countries
Name Status
common viper's bugloss English name
Echium vulgare L. main title
Синяк обыкновенный Russian name
Blueweed English name
Common Viper's-bugloss English name
Viper's-bugloss English name
Common viper's bugloss bugloss English name

Ecology:

Relationship to the world.:
Light
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Habitat.:
рудеральные, сегетальные облигатные , растения нарушенных местообитаний, растения пастбищ и сенокосных угодий, сорняки пропашных культур, газонные, огородные и садовые
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Data on environmental scales:

Scale Landolt

Attitude to moisture:
on very dry soils, an indicator of dry habitats
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil:
in slightly acidic soil, never very sour, but sometimes in neutral and slightly alkaline (pH 4.5 to 7.5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The richness of the soil mineral nutrition, especially nitrogen compounds:
on rich soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The content of humus:
on soils with small humus horizon
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Mechanical composition and soil structure:
on sandy, well-aerated soils (particle diameter of 0.05-2 mm)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Illumination:
fully light plant, unable to bear the shading
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Temperature:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continenatlity:
4
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

The Scale Of Tsyganov

Termokhimicheskie scale, from:
boreal (20-30 kcal/cm*cm*year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Termokhimicheskie scale, to:
Submediterranean/Mediterranean
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, from:
submaterials
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Continentality of climate, to:
continental/ultracontinental
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti, from:
maturity (R-E -400 - 800 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Apolitically aridity-Guidetti to:
sub-humid (P-E = 0-400 mm/year)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Creolisation, from:
harsh winters/a winters
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Karolinamisia to:
warm winters (mean t of the coldest month from 0 to +8)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, from:
dry
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Soil moisture, to:
wet-forest-meadow
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, from:
poor soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Salt regime of soils, to:
rich soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of soil nitrogen from:
very poor nitrogen soils
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The wealth of the soil nitrogen, to:
provided enough nitrogen in the soil
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, from:
very acidic soils (pH = 3,5)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The acidity of the soil, to:
slightly alkaline soils (pH=7,2-8,0)
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading from:
open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Light-shading, to:
semi-open spaces
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Appearance:

Growth form:
Herbaceous plant
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Life:
Двулетнее
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Flower color:
Розовый
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Use:

Horticultural classes:
Сорняк
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Care:

The distance between plants in cm.:
15,24
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Reproduction:

The type of planting seeds:
1
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Method of sowing:
<2 недели при 20°С, быстрое прорастание
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The number of weeks before the last frost (planting date as a number of weeks before or after last frost):
-5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The depth of sowing seeds:
Finely
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The minimum temperature of germination:
10-12
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The optimum temperature for germination:
20-28
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The maximum depth of germination, see:
8-10
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Fecundity, thous. of seeds per plant:
83.6
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)

Botany:

Monoecious/dioecious:
Monoecious
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Petals:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stamens:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Type of ovary:
Верхняя
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Sepals:
5
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Phyllotaxy:
Очерёдное
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
Stipules:
No
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The presence of pubescence:
Yes
Source: Common. (See Sources tab)
The list of sources:
1. http://humangarden.ru/myinfo.htm
2. http://identify.plantnet-project.org/species/useful/Echium vulgare L.
3. http://plants.usda.gov/java/introduced?queryParam=comname&sort=comname
4. http://tomclothier.hort.net/page48.html
5. http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/13958.html
6. Ботаника. Учебник. Родионова А.С., Скупченко В.Б., Малышева О.Н., Джикович Ю.В.
7. Черепанов, 1995